January 31st, 2014 | 14 Comments
And another plot of the world. This time we are dealing with the raster data from Natural Earth. This data is normally available as tif-files. To use them in gnuplot we have to convert them first, then we can create a plot as shown in Fig. 1.
The conversion is done by the convert_natural_earth script. There the tif-file is first scaled down to the desired resolution using imagemagick. Afterwards it is converted to a text file and reordered for the
splot command of gnuplot. The text file includes the longitude, latitude and three rgb color values.
You have to invoke the script in the following way.
$ ./convert_natural_earth $RES $FILE
$RES is the desired resolution in pixel of your gnuplot plot and
$FILE the input tif-file.
After finished we can plot the resulting text file simply by
set datafile separator ',' set size ratio -1 plot 'HYP_50M_SR_W_350px.txt' w rgbimage
which results in Fig. 1.
The image can also be projected on a 3D figure of the world as shown in Fig. 2. To achieve this the three rgb values have to be summarized in one value and the
rgb variable line color option has to be chosen together with
rgb(r,g,b) = 65536 * int(r) + 256 * int(g) + int(b) set mapping spherical set angles degrees splot 'NE2_50M_SR_W_700px.txt' u 1:2:(1):(rgb($3,$4,$5)) w pm3d lc rgb variable